• By Anna Bahney, CNN Business

Mortgage rates have fallen to a record low -- for the 9th time this year


Mortgage rates fell to yet another record low, according to the weekly survey of rates from Freddie Mac. This is the ninth record low since March.


The average interest rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage fell to 2.86% this past week, according to Freddie Mac. That's the lowest level in the nearly 50 years of the mortgage giant's survey. The 15-year fixed-rate mortgage dropped to 2.37%.


"Mortgage rates have hit another record low due to a late summer slowdown in the economic recovery," said Sam Khater, Freddie Mac's chief economist.


These low rates have helped generate strong demand for home sales, Khater said. But he warned that level of enthusiasm for home buying will be hard to maintain.


"Heading into the fall, it will be difficult to sustain the growth momentum in purchases because the lack of supply is already exhibiting a constraint on sales activity," he said.


Nevertheless, purchase activity remains strong, said Joel Kan, the Mortgage Bankers Association's associate vice president of economic and industry forecasting. Applications for new mortgages during the week ending on September 4 were up almost 3% from the week before. The average loan size continued to grow, hitting $368,600, the highest amount since MBA began tracking in 1990.


"Home buyers continue placing offers on homes, pushing existing inventory toward historic lows," said George Ratiu, Realtor.com's senior economist. "Would-be sellers are stuck in their homes, struggling to find their next house amid a dearth of supply, further contributing to the decline in inventory."


And the limited supply of homes is lifting prices even higher, said Ratiu.


"The market imbalance is pushing prices close to 11% higher compared to a year ago, an advance which is beginning to erode the benefits of lower mortgage rates," said Ratiu. "For many young, first-time buyers, the shift is reducing affordability, just as they are ready to embrace homeownership."


Mortgage rates sparking refinancing


The new record low interest rate also has an impact on the number of homeowners who can potentially refinance their existing loans.


There are now 19.3 million high-quality refinance candidates, according to Black Knight, a mortgage data company. This is the largest group of this kind there has ever been, the firm reported, representing 43% of all 30-year mortgage holders


Black Knight defines high-quality refinance candidates as 30-year mortgage holders with credit scores of 720 or higher who hold at least 20% equity in their homes, are current on their mortgage payments and who stand to shave at least 0.75% off their mortgage rate by refinancing.


The average savings for those 19.3 million homeowners is $299 a month, according to Black Knight.

Homeowners who are looking to refinance recently caught a break when the Federal Housing Finance Agency, or FHFA, announced it would delay a new fee.


The 0.5% fee on refinanced mortgages purchased by Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae, was set to go into effect on September 1, but was met with strong resistance from industry and consumer groups. It will now go into effect December 1. The FHFA also announced Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will exempt refinance loans with balances under $125,000 from the fee.

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